- Raw Material Supply
- Economy Figures
- Biobased Products
Biofuel share 4.7 % (by energy)
In Germany 56.7 million t fuel were used in the transport sector in 2016. Besides Diesel with 63.4 % and petrol with 30.1 % the share of biofuels amounted to 4.7 % or rather 3.4 million t.
Passenger car fuel consumption: petrol 7.4 l/100 km; diesel 5.1 l/100 km
In Germany a network of more than 900 natural gas filling stations is available for currently more than 98,000 natural gas vehicles. Thereof 150 filling stations offer 100 % biomethane and more than 300 filling stations mixtures from biomethane and natural gas.
EU target 2020
The European directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (Directive 2009/28/EC) defines binding targets for biofuels and regulates their sustainability.
The "Fuel Quality Directive" (98/70/EC) defines binding targets for GHG savings of fuels as well as sustainability criteria.
Germany – Target 2020
6 % GHG savings by biofuels marketed in 2020 – basis are reference values for petrol and diesel.
GHG: Greenhouse gas
Sustainability of biofuels
Requirements on the sustainability of biofuels and electricity from liquid biomass apply since January 2011. The criteria are defined in the German Biofuel Sustainability Regulation and the Sustainability Ordinance for Bioelectricity.
Biofuels must fulfil sustainability criteria along the whole manufacturing and distribution chain. For plants for manufacturing of biofuels apply GHG savings compared to fossil fuels of:
The Composition and quality labelling of fuels are regulated by the Federal Imission Protection Act (10. BImSchV).